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Calcitonin Receptor-Stimulating Peptide (CRSP)

 


Calcitonin Receptor-Stimulating Peptide (CRSP), a new member of the calcitonin gene-related peptide family: Its isolation from porcine brain, structure, tissue distribution and biological activity

We isolated a novel biologically active peptide, designated Calcitonin Receptor-Stimulating Peptide (CRSP), from the acid extract of the porcine brain by monitoring cAMP production in the porcine kidney cell line LLC-PK1. Determination of the amino acid sequence and cDNA analysis encoding a CRSP precursor showed that this peptide has approximately 60% identity in the amino acid sequence with human calcitonin gene-related peptide type-a (aCGRP ), type-b (bCGRP ), and porcine CGRP. Northern blot analysis and radioimmunoassay demonstrated that CRSP is expressed mainly in the thyroid gland and the central nervous system, in which the calcitonin receptor was abundantly expressed. Synthetic CRSP elicited a potent stimulatory effect on the cAMP production in LLC-PK1 cells. Although it shows significant sequence similarity with CGRPs, this peptide did not elicit cAMP elevation in cells that were endogenously expressing a CGRP receptor or an adrenomedullin receptor, or were transfected with either of these recombinant receptors. Administration of CRSP into anesthetized rats did not alter the blood pressure, but induced a transient decrease in the plasma calcium concentration. In fact, this peptide potently increased the intracellular cAMP concentration in COS-7 cells that expressed the recombinant calcitonin receptor. These unique properties indicate that CRSP is not a porcine counterpart of bCGRP and probably elicits its biological effects via the calcitonin receptor.

Katafuchi T, et al. J. Biol. Chem., 278,12046-12054 ( 2003)

Novel calcitonin-(8-32)-sensitive adrenomedullin receptors derived from co-expression of calcitonin receptor with receptor activity-modifying proteins

We tested whether heterodimers comprised of calcitonin (CT) receptor lacking the 16-amino acid insert in intracellular domain 1 (CTR(I1-)) and receptor activity-modifying protein (RAMP) can function not only as calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptors but also as adrenomedullin (AM) receptors. Whether transfected alone or together with RAMP, human (h)CTR(I1-) appeared mainly at the surface of HEK-293 cells. Expression of CTR(I1-) alone led to significant increases in cAMP in response to hCGRP or hAM, though both peptides remained about 100-fold less potent than hCT. However, the apparent potency of AM, like that of CGRP, approached that of CT when CTR(I1-) was co-expressed with RAMP. CGRP- or AM-evoked cAMP production was strongly inhibited by salmon CT-(8-32), a selective amylin receptor antagonist, but not by hCGRP-(8-37) or hAM-(22-52), antagonists of CGRP and AM receptors, respectively. Moreover, the inhibitory effects of CT-(8-32) were much stronger in cells co-expressing CTR(I1-) and RAMP than in cells expressing CTR(I1-) alone. Co-expression of CTR(I1-) with RAMP thus appears to produce functional CT-(8-32)-sensitive AM receptors.

Kuwasako K, et al. Biochem Biophys Res Commun., 301(2):460-4 (2003)

%Calcitonin%


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